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Geographic origin of dengue viruses isolated from travelers returning to Germany, 2006–2015

Origin Of Dengue

In the Chinese medical encyclopaedia, the 1st probable case of dengue fever was recorded from the Dynasty of Jin (265-420 AD) which was referred to as “water poison” that is associated with the flying insects. In the 15th to 19th century, the primary vector A. aegypti got spread in Africa in parts and increased globalization that was secondary to slave trade. In the 17th century, there have been few epidemics’ descriptions but most of the plausible early reports are from 1779 & 1780 of dengue epidemics, when across Asia, North America and Africa epidemic swept. Until 1940, from that time, they were infrequent.

In 1906, the Aedes mosquitoes’ transmission was confirmed and then in 1907 dengue became the 2 disease that was believed to be caused through a virus. Joseph Franklin Siler and John Burton Cleland did further investigations and completed the basic dengue transmission’s understanding.

Dengue’s market spread during the time of Second World War and after it was been given to the ecological disruption. The similar trends even led to different serotypes spread to new areas of the disease and to dengue hermorrhagic fever’s emergence. This severe type of disease was reported 1st in 1953 in Philippines by 1970s; it became one of the main causes of the mortality of child and had later emerged in Americas and Pacific. Dengue shock syndrome and Dengue hemorrhagic fever were noted 1st in 1981 in South America and Central America, as people contracted DENV-2 who had been infected previously several years back with DENV-1

Etymology

The origins are not very certain of this Spanish word, Dengue but it is derived possibly in the Swahili phrase Ka-dinga pepo from dinga which describes this disease being caused by the evil spirit. West Indies’ slaves having being contracted dengue were believed to have the gait and posture of a dandy and then the disease was called as “dandy fever”.

The “break-bone fever” term was applied by United States Founding Father Benjamin Rush and physician in the report of 1789 of Philadelphia epidemic. He uses in the report the term of “bilious remitting fever” which was more formal. After 1828 only, the dengue fever term came in use generally. “la dengue” and “breakheart fever” were the other historical terms being used. “Singapore hemorrhagic fever” or “Thai”, “Philippine” and “infectious thrombocytopenic purpura” are the other terms of severe disease.

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